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What are CBD Terpenes? These Plant Compounds: What You Need to Know

Anne Harding

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CBD oil can have therapeutic effects that are enhanced by CBD terpenes. This is what you need information about the benefits and risks of different terpenes.

What are Terpenes?

Terpenes are a common ingredient in everyday life, even if you have never heard of them. You can think of the inviting aroma of fresh flowers in your garden, the scent of freshly picked fruits in your kitchen, and your personal body fragrance. Here’s how to enhance your sense of taste and smell.

Terpenes for Beer are pungent compounds plants produce to attract pollinators and repel pests. Terpenes are responsible for the uplifting aroma of citrus fruits and the soothing scent of lavender. Terpenes have anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties. Learn more about CBD, and inflammation.

Cannabis Sativa is one of the most important sources of terpenes within the plant kingdom. The plant includes both cannabis and hemp which are found at Seattle DIspensary Zips Cannabis. They are two different types of the same plant.

Bonni Goldstein MD is a doctor and the owner of Cannacenters in Los Angeles. She also wrote Cannabis Is Medicine: How Medical Cannabis (and CBD) are Healing Everything from Anxiety to Chronic pain.

Individual responses to terpenes vary.

Dr. Goldstein states that knowing the terpene profiles of a CBD oil and a CBD edible can help you determine what to expect.

This is what you need to know regarding CBD terpenes. They can get you high and have a positive effect on your health.

CBD oil contains Terpenes

Terpenes are different from terpenoids. Terpenes refer to the natural compounds found in cannabis plants’ flowers and buds. Terpenes with chemical modifications are called terpenoids. Terpenoids are formed when cannabis flowers are dried and cured.

CBD oil that is full- or broad-spectrum–meaning it contains other components of the cannabis plant besides CBD–will contain terpenoids. CBD isolate does not contain terpenes, but some manufacturers will add them back to enhance the effects of CBD. (More information on this later.

Martin A. Lee, founder, and director of Project CBD says that it is better to get oils that have been less processed. He also wrote Smoke Signals, a social history of marijuana- Medical Answers Recreational, and Scientific.


Terpenes and their effects

Although terpenes do not produce the same “high” as delta-9 tetrahydrocannabinol, (THC), some may have sedative and anxiety-reducing properties. These are the most important terpenes in CBD oil. (Check out CBD and Delta-8-THC to see if you get high.

Myrcene: The name of this type of terpene comes from a Brazilian shrub called Myrcia. It’s used traditionally in medicine to treat diabetes, high blood pressure, and diarrhea. Myrcene is sedative. It is found in many cannabis chemovars as well as hops and lemongrass.

Betacaryophyllene The unique aroma of black pepper is derived from this terpene. It is also found in many cannabis varieties. Recent research has shown that it interacts with the cannabinoid receptor 2 in the body (CB2), which suggests that it may reduce inflammation and pain. A study, published in an October 2020 issue of Neuropsychopharmacology, found that beta-caryophyllene reduced addictive behavior in mice.

Alpha-humulene This earthy, fruity-smelling, terpene is found in many cannabis chemovars. Alpha-humulene is anti-inflammatory. Some evidence suggests that it might help suppress the appetite.

Limonene can be found in citrus rinds and is used to give a lemony scent to many products, including food, perfumes, household cleaning products, and other household products. It is also a powerful pesticide and solvent. A study published in Advances In Experimental Medicine and Biology in April 2020 suggests that limonene may also have anti-anxiety properties.

Linalool This is the terpene responsible for the lavender scent. It is also found in spices such as cinnamon and coriander. It is a sedative, relaxing and anticonvulsant. This means it could help prevent seizures.

Pinene This type of terpene can be found in pine needles as well as a variety of citrus fruits. According to a 2019 study in Biomolecules, pinene has been shown to be an anti-cancer agent in traditional Chinese medicine. It inhibits the growth of cancer cells. It is also thought to have anti-inflammatory properties.

Understanding Terpenes and The “Entourage Effect”

These types of terpenes in CBD products are thought to create the “entourage effect”

This theory states that cannabis substances, such as CBD or THC have synergistic interactions that increase the effectiveness of the CBD product.

Project CBD suggests that cannabinoids, terpenoids, and other terpenoids could work together to offer pain relief and reduce inflammation. They may also help with mental health issues such as anxiety and even bacterial infections.

To fully understand the entourage effect, however, further research is needed.

Before you buy

You can find out the terpenes found in CBD oil by checking that it has been tested by third-party labs and that it has a valid certificate or COA. This will increase your chances of finding out if the product contains terpenes and if so, which ones.

The COA will contain a phytocannabinoid profile that lists levels of CBD, THC, and other cannabinoids as well as terpenes.